Migraine is a chronic headache disorder that affects millions of people around the world. The exact cause of migraine is unknown, but it is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
Migraines can cause a variety of symptoms, including headache, nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and sound. Some people also experience an aura before a migraine stages, which can cause visual disturbances, such as flashing lights or zigzag lines.
The aura is a neurological event that occurs in about one-third of migraine episodes. It is usually a visual disturbance, but it can also affect other senses, such as hearing, smell, or taste. The aura typically lasts for 15 to 30 minutes before the headache begins.
The headache is the most common symptom of migraine. It is usually a unilateral, throbbing pain that can last for 4 to 72 hours. The headache can be accompanied by other symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and sound.
There is no cure for migraine, but there are a number of treatments that can help to manage the symptoms. These treatments include over-the-counter medications, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, prescription medications, and lifestyle changes, such as avoiding caffeine and alcohol.
If you experience a migraine, it is important to seek medical attention to rule out any underlying medical conditions. You should also keep a journal of your migraines to track your symptoms and triggers. This information can help you to identify your triggers and to find the best treatment for you.